Myanmar – What Every Traveler Needs To Know

The background of Myanmar dates back to 3,000 B.C. as soon as the Mon people settled the area. Much later, about 628 AD, the Pyu civilization established a capitol in the vicinity of modern-day Prome. The area of Myanmar became a unified country throughout the Pagan Kingdom from 1044 – 1077. The kingdom was encouraged by household taxes and consequently fell into decline due to over-spending on pagodas. However, the existence of European countries had little impact on Myanmar until the breach on the Raj in Bengal. This led straight to the British occupation of the borders of these states. After 60 years, the British had complete control over Myanmar.

On a positive note, the British occupation transformed Myanmar to the world’s most prominent rice exporter. But, there was a flood of Chinese and Indian immigrants who often appreciated exploiting the Burman people. After the war finished, the Anti-Fascist People’s Freedom League (AFPFL) tried to obtain independence for Myanmar and succeeded in their attempts in 1947. Only three months later, the pioneer of AFPFL and the majority of his cabinet have been assassinated.

The condition of Myanmar really began to go back in 1962 when General Ne Win overthrew the government and started establishing a socialist government. The market crumbled as the black market soared. Many taxpayers lost their standing if their ancestors weren’t a part of the”first” Myanmar populations. Following the populous had experienced enough, what with the devaluation of the money, they revolted with riots and public letters. Finally, Ne Win resigned in 1988. Months of chaos followed by protests, looting and a brutal police force. Thousands died in Yangon and different regions of the country.

Later in 1988, the State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC) was made to bring law and order back to Myanmar – visa to Myanmar
. In 1993, the SLORC chose a national convention to draft a new constitution to the country, requesting that the army be given a principal government function. The conference was not conducted democratically, hence the members which were also a part of the National League for Democracy (NLD) literally flew off. In 1998, the new constitution was unfinished. Despite the nation’s important resources, its own development is hindered today by the continually unsettled politics there.

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